Morocco has a rich and varied history, with signs of having been inhabited since at least 8000BC when the area was less arid. The Berbers arrived about the time that agriculture started in the region. After some 40 plus years as a French Protectorate it eventually became a sovereign state in 1956. Since 1912 the capital of Morocco has been Rabat, although the largest city and port is Casablanca.
The Rif mountains occupy the land bordering the Mediterranean from the north-west to the north-east, and the Atlas mountains run along the backbone of the country from north-east to south-west. Most of the population live to the north of these mountains, whilst the south-east region is mainly in the Sahara desert and is sparsely populated. The climate in Morocco is mainly Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the mountainous area.
Morocco is an Islamic state and therefore alcohol is only available in Hotels and Clubs, although some Hotels do not sell alcohol.The currency is the Moroccan Dirham.