The Archipelago has been continuously inhabited for some 7,000 years and has some of the oldest known human structures in the world. Malta is the largest island being the cultural, commercial and administrative centre, Gozo is second largest and is more rural with an emphasis on tourism, fishing and agriculture, while Comino is almost uninhabited but is a haven for sub aqua swimmers.
The climate of the region is typical of the Mediterranean, with a very sunny climate and low rainfall. Winters are mild, but with occasional chilly spells blown down from central Europe, and spring and autumn can have unseasonably high temperatures and humidity, brought by the hot Sirocco winds from Africa, which also affect Italy and Greece. As the islands lie further south than northern Tunisia, the sun is very strong and good sun creams and sun hats are recommended, especially for children, even in winter. There are many beaches on the Archipelago with no tides, but some do have strong under currents so it is recommended that swimming is only done where the Maltese swim.
Please select a region of Republic of Malta from the list on the left.